Dr. Robert Axelrad Dental Office

Making Brampton Smile Since 1997

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What are Wisdom Teeth?

Wisdom teeth are the set of four “third molars” that usually appear in the late teenage ears and reach full development by the early- to mid-twenties. It’s believed that wisdom teeth get their name due to their late arrival – when people are a little older and (hopefully) wiser. Interestingly, in Korea they are called “love teeth”, referring to the age associated with the pain of first love lost.

But the removal of wisdom teeth at the appropriate time can alleviate unnecessary pain or discomfort later on. The end of adolescence is often ideal since roots are not yet completely formed, making the teeth easier to remove.

Wisdom teeth are removed either because the teeth are already causing a problem, or it’s believed they could become a problem later on.

Incidentally, about a third of people never develop any wisdom teeth at all.

Three Major Wisdom Teeth Problems

1. Crowding
Put simply, most people’s mouths or jaws are just not big enough to accommodate a third set of molars. Teeth can’t come in straight, and become “impacted” or come in sideways, causing crowding of the surrounding teeth in the mouth. This is the most common problem.

2. Infection
Another common problem occurs when the tooth doesn’t fully come in or “erupt” through the gum line. This can cause painful swelling and redness around the eruption site (even bad breath). These “vertical impactions” can be difficult to clean by a toothbrush alone, allowing food debris and bacteria to become trapped. This can cause nasty stuff like infections and gum disease. Left alone, infections can become even more painful and severe (so don’t leave them alone!)

3. Tooth Decay
If the impacted tooth tries to erupt, but has no room to, it often grows in to the tooth in front of it. This can result in a large cavity in the affected tooth, which is usually so severe that it needs to be removed.

What Happens During Removal

Your teeth and surrounding area will be fully numbed with a local anaesthetic before extraction with the same medication you would receive prior to having a cavity filled. Your dentist may decide to provide you with additional medication for anxiety including nitrous oxide or an oral sedative. This is almost always a relatively fast and painless procedure.

Bouncing Back From Extraction

What can you expect following the removal of your wisdom teeth? Swelling is a sign that the healing process is occurring as expected. The amount and duration of swelling varies from person to person – from one day to a week, though three days of some swelling is the norm.

Some bleeding is unavoidable as the mouth takes time to heal. The dentist may provide you with stitches to minimize bleeding, and gauze to protect the area and aid in healing. You will notice as the gauze is replaced that bleeding does gradually slow and then stop.

During this time it’s recommended that pain killers such as Tylenol or Advil be taken to alleviate the soreness. Antibiotics may also be prescribed to prevent infection.

A liquid or soft food diet should be followed after removal to prevent any debris entering the area. Also, (and especially for those university students!), alcohol is to be avoided during this time.

Dental Questions or Concerns? Give Us a Call!

Based in Brampton, Ontario, Dr. Robert Axelrad has been practicing gentle and pain-free dentistry for over two decades. Over this time he has removed his fair share of wisdom teeth for his trusting patients! Feel free to call us today at (905) 791-3867 for any wisdom tooth or dental question you may have, as we are always happy to hear from you.


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We're getting very excited about returning to work and seeing patients again!  The green light has yet to come from the government, but we are ready now.  Being ready means being safe.  The following safety measures have been put in place to protect patients and staff.

Safety Measures:

  • A plexiglass barrier stands on the front desk in the waiting room.
  • All patients will have their temperature taken with a non-touch digital infra-red thermometer.
  • All staff will wear a mask, gloves, gown, bonnet, goggles and face shield.
  • Hand sanitizers will be readily available for staff and patient use.
  • Patients will wait outside or in their car until their appointment time.
  • No visitors are permitted in the office.
  • Social distancing will remain in effect in the office.
  • Patients experiencing influenza-like-illness (fever with a cough, sore throat or muscle aches) should not come to the office.

We really look forward to seeing everyone again!

Until then, please stay safe and healthy.